Common Name: Indian Small Mint
Plant Use: Background
Difficulty Level: Easy
Light Demand: Medium
Co2 Demand: Low
Fertilizer Demand: Low
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Description: Rotala Indica, commonly known as Indian Toothcup, is a versatile and popular aquatic plant appreciated for its vibrant colors and feathery foliage. Belonging to the family Lythraceae, this species is native to Southeast Asia and has become a staple in freshwater aquariums. Rotala Indica is characterized by its slender stems, fine leaves, and the ability to display varying hues, ranging from green to shades of pink and orange under optimal conditions.
- Scientific Name: Rotala Indica
- Family: Lythraceae
- Origin: Southeast Asia
- Difficulty Level: Easy to Moderate
- Lighting Requirements: Medium to High
- CO2 Requirement: Low to Medium
- Temperature Range: 68-82°F (20-28°C)
- pH Range: 6.0-7.5
- Propagation: Cuttings, Side Shoots
1. Lighting: Rotala Indica thrives in medium to high lighting conditions. Adequate light is essential for maintaining vibrant colors and promoting healthy growth.
2. CO2 and Nutrients: While it can adapt to low CO2 levels, supplementing carbon dioxide and providing a nutrient-rich substrate or liquid fertilizers can enhance its growth and coloration. Ensure a balanced nutrient regimen for optimal results.
3. Water Parameters: Maintain a temperature range of 68-82°F (20-28°C) and a slightly acidic to neutral pH between 6.0-7.5. Rotala Indica can adapt to various water hardness levels.
4. Planting: Plant Rotala Indica stems in the substrate, allowing sufficient space between plants to avoid shading. Due to its fine and delicate appearance, it is often used as a midground or background plant in aquascapes.
5. Pruning: Regular pruning encourages lateral branching and creates bushier growth. Trim the stems as needed to maintain the desired shape and prevent excessive vertical growth.
6. Propagation: Rotala Indica can be propagated through cuttings. Simply trim a healthy stem and replant it in the substrate. Additionally, the plant produces side shoots that can be separated and replanted.
7. Aquascape Compatibility: Rotala Indica is a versatile plant suitable for various aquascaping styles. Its slender stems and variable colors make it an excellent choice for adding depth and visual interest to planted aquariums.
8. Substrate and Planting Depth: Plant the stems in a nutrient-rich substrate, ensuring they are anchored securely. Planting depth can vary, but providing enough space between stems allows for proper light penetration.
Rotala Indica's adaptability, vibrant colors, and ease of care make it a favored choice among both beginner and experienced aquarists. Whether used as a filler or focal point in an aquascape, this plant contributes to the overall aesthetics and health of the aquarium environment.